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利用Python实现网络测试的脚本分享

来源: 网络整理  作者: 佚名

前言
最近同学让我帮忙写一个测试网络的工具。由于工作上的事情,断断续续地拖了很久才给出一个相对完整的版本。其实,我Python用的比较少,所以基本都是边查资料边写程序。
程序的主要逻辑如下:
读取一个excel文件中的ip列表,然后使用多线程调用ping统计每个ip的网络参数,最后把结果输出到excel文件中。
代码如下所示:
#! /usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: UTF-8 -*-
# File: pingtest_test.py
# Date: 2008-09-28
# Author: Michael Field
# Modified By:intheworld
# Date: 2017-4-17
import sys
import os
import getopt
import commands
import subprocess
import re
import time
import threading
import xlrd
import xlwt

TEST = [
  '220.181.57.217',
  '166.111.8.28',
  '202.114.0.242',
  '202.117.0.20',
  '202.112.26.34',
  '202.203.128.33',
  '202.115.64.33',
  '202.201.48.2',
  '202.114.0.242',
  '202.116.160.33',
  '202.202.128.33',
]
RESULT={}
def usage():
print "USEAGE:"
print "\t%s -n TEST|excel name [-t times of ping] [-c concurrent number(thread nums)]" %sys.argv[0]
print "\t TEST为简单测试的IP列表"
print "\t-t times 测试次数;默认为1000;"
print "\t-c concurrent number 并行线程数目:默认为10"
print "\t-h|-?, 帮助信息"
print "\t 输出为当前目录文件ping_result.txt 和 ping_result.xls"
print "for example:"
print "\t./ping_test.py -n TEST -t 1 -c 10"

def div_list(ls,n):
if not isinstance(ls,list) or not isinstance(n,int):
  return []
ls_len = len(ls)
print 'ls length = %s' %ls_len
if n<=0 or 0==ls_len:
  return []
if n > ls_len:
  return []
elif n == ls_len:
  return [[i] for i in ls]
else:
  j = ls_len/n
  k = ls_len%n
  ### j,j,j,...(前面有n-1个j),j+k
  #步长j,次数n-1
  ls_return = []
  for i in xrange(0,(n-1)*j,j):
   ls_return.append(ls[i:i+j])
  #算上末尾的j+k
  ls_return.append(ls[(n-1)*j:])
  return ls_return

def pin(IP):
try:
  xpin=subprocess.check_output("ping -n 1 -w 100 %s" %IP, shell=True)
except Exception:
  xpin = 'empty'
ms = '=[0-9]+ms'.decode("utf8")
print "%s" %ms
print "%s" %xpin
mstime=re.search(ms,xpin)
if not mstime:
  MS='timeout'
  return MS
else:
  MS=mstime.group().split('=')[1]
  return MS.strip('ms')
def count(total_count,I):
global RESULT
nowsecond = int(time.time())
nums = 0
oknums = 0
timeout = 0
lostpacket = 0.0
total_ms = 0.0
avgms = 0.0
maxms = -1
while nums < total_count:
  nums += 1
  MS = pin(I)
  print 'pin output = %s' %MS
  if MS == 'timeout':
   timeout += 1
   lostpacket = timeout*100.0 / nums
  else:
   oknums += 1
   total_ms = total_ms + float(MS)
   if oknums == 0:
    oknums = 1
    maxms = float(MS)
    avgms = total_ms / oknums
   else:
    avgms = total_ms / oknums
    maxms = max(maxms, float(MS))
  RESULT[I] = (I, avgms, maxms, lostpacket)

def thread_func(t, ipList):
if not isinstance(ipList,list):
  return
else:
  for ip in ipList:
   count(t, ip)

def readIpsInFile(excelName):
data = xlrd.open_workbook(excelName)
table = data.sheets()[0]
nrows = table.nrows
print 'nrows %s' %nrows
ips = []
for i in range(nrows):
  ips.append(table.cell_value(i, 0))
  print table.cell_value(i, 0)
return ips


if __name__ == '__main__':
file = 'ping_result.txt'
times = 10
network = ''
thread_num = 10
args = sys.argv[1:]
try:
  (opts, getopts) = getopt.getopt(args, 'n:t:c:h?')
except:
  print "\nInvalid command line option detected."
  usage()
  sys.exit(1)
for opt, arg in opts:
  if opt in ('-n'):
   network = arg
  if opt in ('-h', '-?'):
   usage()
   sys.exit(0)
  if opt in ('-t'):
   times = int(arg)
  if opt in ('-c'):
   thread_num = int(arg)
f = open(file, 'w')
workbook = xlwt.Workbook()
sheet1 = workbook.add_sheet("sheet1", cell_overwrite_ok=True)
if not isinstance(times,int):
  usage()
  sys.exit(0)
if network not in ['TEST'] and not os.path.exists(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), network)):
  print "The network is wrong or excel file does not exist. please check it."
  usage()
  sys.exit(0)
else:
  if network == 'TEST':
   ips = TEST
  else:
   ips = readIpsInFile(network)
  print 'Starting...'
  threads = []
  nest_list = div_list(ips, thread_num)
  loops = range(len(nest_list))
  print 'Total %s Threads is working...' %len(nest_list)
  for ipList in nest_list:
   t = threading.Thread(target=thread_func,args=(times,ipList))
   threads.append(t)
  for i in loops:
   threads[i].start()
  for i in loops:
   threads[i].join()
  it = 0
  for line in RESULT:
   value = RESULT[line]
   sheet1.write(it, 0, line)
   sheet1.write(it, 1, str('%.2f'%value[1]))
   sheet1.write(it, 2, str('%.2f'%value[2]))
   sheet1.write(it, 3, str('%.2f'%value[3]))
   it+=1
   f.write(line + '\t'+ str('%.2f'%value[1]) + '\t'+ str('%.2f'%value[2]) + '\t'+ str('%.2f'%value[3]) + '\n')
  f.close()
  workbook.save('ping_result.xls')
  print 'Work Done. please check result %s and ping_result.xls.'%file
这段代码参照了别人的实现,虽然不是特别复杂,这里还是简单解释一下。
    excel读写使用了xlrd和xlwt,基本都是使用了一些简单的api。
    使用了threading实现多线程并发,和POSIX标准接口非常相似。thread_func是线程的处理函数,它的输入包含了一个ip的List,所以在函数内部通过循环处理各个ip。
    此外,Python的commands在Windows下并不兼容,所以使用了subprocess模块。
到目前为止,我对Python里面字符集的理解还不到位,所以正则表达式匹配的代码并不够强壮,不过目前勉强可以工作,以后有必要再改咯!

Tags:脚本 网络
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