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iOS开发中使app获取本机通讯录的实现代码实例

来源: 网络整理  作者: 佚名

一、在工程中添加AddressBook.framework和AddressBookUI.framework

二、获取通讯录

1、在infterface中定义数组并在init方法中初始化

代码如下:

NSMutableArray *addressBookTemp;
 
- (id)initWithNibName:(NSString *)nibNameOrNil bundle:(NSBundle *)nibBundleOrNil
{
    addressBookTemp = [NSMutableArray array];
}

2、定义一个model,用来存放通讯录中的各个属性
新建一个继承自NSObject的类,在.h中
代码如下:

@interface TKAddressBook : NSObject {
    NSInteger sectionNumber;
    NSInteger recordID;
    NSString *name;
    NSString *email;
    NSString *tel;
}
@property NSInteger sectionNumber;
@property NSInteger recordID;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSString *name;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSString *email;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSString *tel;
 
@end

在.m文件中进行synthesize
代码如下:

@implementation TKAddressBook
@synthesize name, email, tel, recordID, sectionNumber;
 
@end

3、获取联系人

 

在iOS6之后,获取通讯录需要获得权限

代码如下:

    //新建一个通讯录类
    ABAddressBookRef addressBooks = nil;
 
    if ([[UIDevice currentDevice].systemVersion floatValue] >= 6.0)
 
    {
        addressBooks =  ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, NULL);
 
        //获取通讯录权限
 
        dispatch_semaphore_t sema = dispatch_semaphore_create(0);
 
        ABAddressBookRequestAccessWithCompletion(addressBooks, ^(bool granted, CFErrorRef error){dispatch_semaphore_signal(sema);});
 
        dispatch_semaphore_wait(sema, DISPATCH_TIME_FOREVER);
 
        dispatch_release(sema);
 
    }
 
    else
 
    {
        addressBooks = ABAddressBookCreate();
 
    }
 
//获取通讯录中的所有人
CFArrayRef allPeople = ABAddressBookCopyArrayOfAllPeople(addressBooks);

 

//通讯录中人数
CFIndex nPeople = ABAddressBookGetPersonCount(addressBooks);
 
//循环,获取每个人的个人信息
for (NSInteger i = 0; i < nPeople; i++)
    {
        //新建一个addressBook model类
        TKAddressBook *addressBook = [[TKAddressBook alloc] init];
        //获取个人
        ABRecordRef person = CFArrayGetValueAtIndex(allPeople, i);
        //获取个人名字
        CFTypeRef abName = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonFirstNameProperty);
        CFTypeRef abLastName = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonLastNameProperty);
        CFStringRef abFullName = ABRecordCopyCompositeName(person);
        NSString *nameString = (__bridge NSString *)abName;
        NSString *lastNameString = (__bridge NSString *)abLastName;
         
        if ((__bridge id)abFullName != nil) {
            nameString = (__bridge NSString *)abFullName;
        } else {
            if ((__bridge id)abLastName != nil)
            {
                nameString = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@ %@", nameString, lastNameString];
            }
        }
        addressBook.name = nameString;
        addressBook.recordID = (int)ABRecordGetRecordID(person);;
         
        ABPropertyID multiProperties[] = {
            kABPersonPhoneProperty,
            kABPersonEmailProperty
        };
        NSInteger multiPropertiesTotal = sizeof(multiProperties) / sizeof(ABPropertyID);
        for (NSInteger j = 0; j < multiPropertiesTotal; j++) {
            ABPropertyID property = multiProperties[j];
            ABMultiValueRef valuesRef = ABRecordCopyValue(person, property);
            NSInteger valuesCount = 0;
            if (valuesRef != nil) valuesCount = ABMultiValueGetCount(valuesRef);
             
            if (valuesCount == 0) {
                CFRelease(valuesRef);
                continue;
            }
            //获取电话号码和email
            for (NSInteger k = 0; k < valuesCount; k++) {
                CFTypeRef value = ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(valuesRef, k);
                switch (j) {
                    case 0: {// Phone number
                        addressBook.tel = (__bridge NSString*)value;
                        break;
                    }
                    case 1: {// Email
                        addressBook.email = (__bridge NSString*)value;
                        break;
                    }
                }
                CFRelease(value);
            }
            CFRelease(valuesRef);
        }
        //将个人信息添加到数组中,循环完成后addressBookTemp中包含所有联系人的信息
        [addressBookTemp addObject:addressBook];
         
        if (abName) CFRelease(abName);
        if (abLastName) CFRelease(abLastName);
        if (abFullName) CFRelease(abFullName);
    }


三、显示在table中
代码如下:

//行数
- (NSInteger)numberOfSectionsInTableView:(UITableView *)tableView {
    return 1;
}
 
//列数
- (NSInteger)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView numberOfRowsInSection:(NSInteger)section {
    return [addressBookTemp count];
}

 

//cell内容
- (UITableViewCell *)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView cellForRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath {
     
    NSString *cellIdentifier = @"ContactCell";
     
    UITableViewCell *cell = [tableView dequeueReusableCellWithIdentifier:cellIdentifier];
     
    if (cell == nil){
        cell = [[UITableViewCell alloc] initWithStyle:UITableViewCellStyleSubtitle reuseIdentifier:cellIdentifier];
    }
 
    TKAddressBook *book = [addressBookTemp objectAtIndex:indexPath.row];
 
    cell.textLabel.text = book.name;
 
    cell.detailTextLabel.text = book.tel;
 
    return cell;
}


列表效果

 

201611991316031.png (314×132)

PS:通讯录中电话号码中的"-"可以在存入数组之前进行处理,属于NSString处理的范畴,解决办法有很多种,本文不多加说明

四、删除通讯录数据

代码如下:

<span style="white-space:pre">    </span>ABRecordRef person = objc_unretainedPointer([myContacts objectAtIndex:indexPath.row]);  
        CFErrorRef *error;  
        ABAddressBookRemoveRecord(addressBook, person, error);  
        ABAddressBookSave(addressBook, error);  
        myContacts = nil;  
        [tableView deleteRowsAtIndexPaths:[NSArray arrayWithObject:indexPath] withRowAnimation:UITableViewRowAnimationFade];  

Tags:本机 实例 通讯录
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