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Linux系统Qmail邮件服务器安装过程解析

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Qmail邮件服务器安装过程-

 

checkpassword-0.90(pop3验证用户程序)

cmd5checkpw-0.22.tar.gz

ucspi-tcp-0.88(tcpserver等服务程序)

qmail-smtpd-auth-0.30.tar.gz(smtp补丁程序)

qmail-1.03.tar.gz(Qmail基本系统包)

vpopmail-5.2.1.tar.gz(虚拟域用户pop3支持)

ezmlm-0.53.tar.gz(邮件列表管理软件)

autorespond.tar.gz(自动回复程序)

qmailadmin-1.0.6.tar.gz(虚拟域web方式管理)

 

以上所有软件可从以网址下载

 

http://www.qmail.org

http://www.inter7.com/qmail

 

安装前准备工作

 

新建qmail 安装目录

 

# mkdir /var/qmail:

 

添加qmail所必须的用户和组

 

# groupadd nofiles

# useradd -g nofiles -d /var/qmail/alias alias

# useradd -g nofiles -d /var/qmail qmaild

# useradd -g nofiles -d /var/qmail qmaill

# useradd -g nofiles -d /var/qmail qmailp

# groupadd qmail

# useradd -g qmail -d /var/qmail qmailq

# useradd -g qmail -d /var/qmail qmailr

# useradd -g qmail -d /var/qmail qmails

 

安裝qmail基本系统:

 

安装checkpassword-0.90(/bin)

 

# cd /usr/local/src

# tar xzvf checkpassword-0.90.tar.gz

# cd checkpassword-0.90

# patch -p1 <../patch/checkpassword-0.90.errno.patch

# make

# make setup check

 

安裝cmd5checkpw-0.22.tar.gz

 

# tar zxvf cmd5checkpw-0.22.tar.gz

# mkdir /usr/man

# mkdir /usr/man/man8

# cd cmd5checkpw-0.22

# make

# make install

 

安装ucspi-tcp-0.88(/usr/local/bin)

 

# cd /usr/local/src

# tar xzvf ucspi-tcp-0.88.tar.gz

# cd ucspi-tcp-0.88

# patch -p1 < ../patch/ucspi-tcp-0.88.a_record.patch

# patch -p1 < ../patch/ucspi-tcp-0.88.errno.patch

# patch -p1 < ../patch/ucspi-tcp-0.88.nodefaultrbl.patch

# make

# make setup check

 

安装Qmail(qmail-1.03.tar.gz)

 

# tar xzvf qmail-1.03.tar.gz

 

SMTP补丁及其它补丁:

 

# tar zxvf qmail-smtpd-auth-0.30.tar.gz

# cd qmail-smtpd-auth-0.30

# cp base64.c base64.h README.auth ../qmail-1.03/

# patch -d ../qmail-1.03 < auth.patch

# cd qmail-1.03

# patch -p1 < ../patch/qmail-103.patch

# patch -p1 < ../patch/qmailqueue-patch

# patch -p1 < ../patch/qmail-maildir++.patch

# patch -p1 < ../patch/qmail-1.03.errno.patch

# patch -p1 < ../patch/qmail-1.03.qmail_local.patch

# vi qmail-smtpd.c //将函数straynewline中的451改为553

//将451改为553是为避免当其它服务器给你发来无效格式的邮件时,你的服务器陷入循环应答。

# make setup check

#./config-fast test.com

 

建立系统别名:

 

# cd ~alias;touch .qmail-postmaster .qmail-mailer-daemon .qmail-root

# echo test.com > /var/qmail/control/helohost \\主机名(解决新浪拒收邮件问题)

# chmod 644 ~alias/.qmail*

# echo "127.0.0.1:allow,RELAYCLIENT=""" > /etc/tcp.smtp

# chmod 4755 /bin/checkpassword

# sed 's/Mailbox/Maildir\//' /var/qmail/boot/home >/var/qmail/rc

(修改/var/qmail/rc把./Mailbox 改成./Maildir/ 使用Maildir的pop3收信方式)

# chmod 755 /var/qmail/rc

 

停止sendmail 服務

 

# /etc/rc.d/init.d/sendmail stop

 

# rpm –e –nodeps sendmail 

Qmail Web管理系统

 

安装虚拟域

 

# groupadd vchkpw

# useradd -g vchkpw vpopmail

# mkdir ~vpopmail/etc

# echo "127.0.0.:allow,RELAYCLIENT=\"\"" > ~vpopmail/etc/tcp.smtp

# echo ":allow" >/etc/tcp.smtp

# /usr/local/bin/tcprules /etc/tcp.smtp.cdb /etc/tcp.smtp.tmp < /etc/tcp.smtp

# cd /usr/local/src

# tar xzvf vpopmail-5.2.1.tar.gz

 

# cd vpopmail-5.2.1

#./configure --enable-roaming-users=y --enable-default-domain=test.com --enable-passwd=n

# make

# make install-strip

 

# crontab –e

40 * * * * /home/vpopmail/bin/clearopensmtp 2>&1 > /dev/null

# cd /home/vpopmail/bin

#./vadddomain test.com eitop

#./vadduser test@test.com test

# chmod 6755 /home/vpopmail/bin/vchkpw

 

安装邮件列表

 

# tar xzvf ezmlm-0.53-idx-0.41.tar.gz

# cd ezmlm-0.53-idx-0.41

# make

# make man

# make setup

 

安装自动回复程序

 

# tar zxvf autorespond.tar.gz

# make(gcc -Wall -o autorespond autorespond.c)

# make install(cp autorespond /usr/local/bin/autorespond)

 

安装虚拟域web方式管理

 

# tar xzvf qmailadmin-1.0.6.tar.gz

# cd qmailadmin-1.0.6

#./configure --enable-htmldir=/www/web1 --enable-cgibindir=/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin

# make

# make install-strip

 

建Qmail启动文件

 

 

# vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/qmail 

#! /bin/sh 

case "$1" in 

start) 

echo -n "start qmail:" 

/var/qmail/rc & 

echo "." 

echo -n "start smtp service:" 

/usr/local/bin/tcpserver -H -R -l 0 -t 1 -c 100 -x 
/etc/tcp.smtp.cdb -u 512 -g 505 0 smtp /var/qmail/bin/qmail-smtpd 
test.com /home/vpopmail/bin/vchkpw /bin/true /bin/md5checkpw
/bin/true & 
echo "." 

echo -n "start pop3 service:" 

/usr/local/bin/tcpserver -l test.com -U -c 100 -H -R 0 pop3 
/var/qmail/bin/qmail-popup test.com  /home/vpopmail/bin/vchkpw 
/var/qmail/bin/qmail-pop3d Maildir & 

echo "." 

;; 

stop) 

echo -n "stop qmail:" 

echo "." 

;; 

*) 

exit 1 

;; 

esac 

exit 0 

# chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/init.d/qmail
# /etc/rc.d/init.d/qmail start

启动文件中的用户组为vpopmail用户组

 

如果不能启动qmail,执行touch /etc/dnsrewrite

 

测试:

 

SMTP认证测试

 

su - qmaild -c "/var/qmail/bin/qmail-popup localhost /home/vpopmail/bin/vchkpw pwd"

su - qmaild -c "/var/qmail/bin/qmail-popup localhost /bin/checkpassword pwd"

 

user test

 

pass test

 

输入用户密码后出现回应,若出现test用户的home目录,则SMTP成功;若提示:"-ERR authorization failed",则SMTP失败

 

Web管理测试

Tags:Linux 系统 Qmail
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