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Oracle数据字典表Truncate掉导致数据库不可用及对策

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在实际的工作环境下,如果你在操作时将数据库内的几个数据字典表Truncate掉,将会直接导致数据库不能再继续使用,本文将针对一个相关案例进行详细的讲解。 

案例如下: 

数据库环境:Oracle数据库9.2.0.7 RAC。(注:由于数据库的事务量体别大,所以数据库没有进行备份)。 


检查后发现的被截断表: 


SQL> select object_name,object_type from dba_objects where object_name like 'IDL%'; 

OBJECT_NAME OBJECT_TYPE 
------------------- ------------------ 
IDL_CHAR$ TABLE 
IDL_SB4$ TABLE 
IDL_UB1$ TABLE 
IDL_UB2$ TABLE 

IDL_UB1$表是特别重要的字典表,只要出现故障,数据库就会出现大量的ORA-00600错误,所有事务将不能进行。 


ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [17069], 

[0xC0000000DDDFA690], [], [], [], [], [], [] 


ORA-600 17069错误是一个特别难解决的问题,问题出现后数据库的某个跟踪日志很快就会出现暴涨的情况,因为IDL系列字典表是记录数据库对象编译信息的,丢失了其中的数据,所有过程、Package等都将无法执行。 

字典表作用的说明: 


IDL_UB1$ is one of four tables that hold compiled PL/SQL code: 

IDL_UB1$ 
IDL_CHAR$ 
IDL_UB2$ 
IDL_SB4$ 

"PL/SQL is based on the programming language Ada. As a result, PL/SQL uses a 
variant of Descriptive Intermediate Attributed Notation for Ada (DIANA), which 
is a tree-structured intermediate language. It is defined using a meta-notation 
called Interface Definition Language (IDL). DIANA provides for communication 
internal to compilers and other tools. 

"At compile time, PL/SQL source code is translated into machine-readable 
m-code.Both the DIANA and m-code for a procedure or package are stored in the 
database.At run time, they are loaded into the shared (memory) pool. The DIANA is 
used to compile dependent procedures; the m-code is simply executed." 

These four tables hold the DIANA and the so-code m-code. I think "m-code" is 
short for machine-dependent byte code but there is a sizable machine-indenpendent part 

as well. If you have a look at sql.bsq, you can see 
that Oracle documents the "type" column of these tables as follows: 
part number not null, 
/* part: 0 = diana, 1 = portable pcode, 
2 = machine-dependentpcode */ 


如果出现更为严重的情况,它将导致大量系统DBMS包失效,其重新编译也将更为复杂。 

恢复数据库,消除所有ORA-600错误的方法: 

恢复的方法是通过运行相关的脚本,重建和重新编译所有Procedure/Trigger/Package等对象,重新生成这些对象的DIANA和so-code m-code,主要包括catlog.sql,catproc.sql等脚本。 

Tags:Oracle 数据 字典 Truncate
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